How to Choose the Right Solar Power System for Your Home

Selecting the perfect solar power system for your home is a pivotal decision, one that can significantly impact your energy efficiency, financial savings, and environmental footprint. With the ever-growing interest in renewable energy sources, the options for residential solar systems have expanded, making it both an exciting and potentially overwhelming process.

This guide will explore the types of solar power systems available, discuss the crucial aspect of determining panel quality, and highlight the best solar companies of 2023. By the end of this comprehensive exploration, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge needed to make an informed decision for your home’s energy needs.

Table Of Contents:


types of solar panels

Types of Solar Power Systems

If you’re pondering a solar energy system for your abode, there are various kinds available. These include grid-tied and off-grid systems, as well as backup power systems. You’ll also need to decide between ground mount and rooftop installations.

On-Grid Solar Power Systems: A Smart Choice

Opting for on-grid solar is undeniably a cost-savvy move. Here’s the scoop: batteries, the priciest part of any solar system, are off the table since on-grid solar setups don’t need them!

Curious about how on-grid solar power systems function?

Let’s decode the term “grid” first. Essentially, it’s the utility company’s highway of electric supply that bridges the gap between the power plant and your dwelling or business premises. Being on-grid means you’re plugged into this electricity supply chain.

On-grid solar systems are designed to channel the electricity they produce into the power grid, holding it there for future use. Through a net metering agreement, you are credited for the energy you contribute, which you can tap into whenever you need.

Visualize it as a bank account: pushing energy into the grid is akin to making a deposit, while drawing electricity is like making a withdrawal against your balance. And if you go overboard, utilizing more energy than you generate in a particular month, you’ll be able to take advantage of solar net metering programs in the form of utility credits.

Solar panel system

Pros of On-Grid Solar Power Systems

On-grid solar shines if your goal is to slash your electricity bills and save some green over your system’s lifespan.

Most on-grid setups recoup their costs within a 5-10 year period. Given that solar panels come with a 25-year warranty, on-grid solar stands as a solid investment, promising returns over the panels’ lifetime.

Here’s a bonus: on-grid systems can afford to be compact—you don’t have to generate all your power. The grid fills in the gaps when, say, cloudy skies curb your panels’ output.

Some folks opt for a partial offset of their electric bills through a smaller on-grid system, eyeing an expansion down the road when finances permit. The design demands are lower compared to an off-grid scenario where you bear the brunt of meeting your energy demands.

Cons of On-Grid Solar Power Systems

A significant hiccup with on-grid systems is their susceptibility to power outages.

You might wonder, “if my panels are basking in sunlight, why should a grid failure bother me?”

Here’s the catch: on-grid systems are intertwined with the utility’s infrastructure. In an outage scenario, utility technicians need a safe environment to diagnose and rectify issues, which isn’t possible if connected solar setups continue pumping electricity into the grid. Hence, on-grid solar systems hit the pause button during outages, ensuring a safe repair window for utility workers.

A workaround? Hybrid systems. They stay connected to the grid but have a battery reserve for outage periods. But let’s delve into that later…

Off-Grid Solar Power Systems: Your Ticket to Remote Power

Off-grid solar is the go-to for power delivery in remote, grid-inaccessible locales.

Living off-grid translates to having the sole responsibility for your electricity generation, typically achieved via an off-grid solar setup capable of covering a day’s electricity demand, with a backup generator for those gloomy, sun-starved days.

Pros of Off-Grid Solar Power Systems

The allure of off-grid solar lies in the liberty to live wherever your heart desires. 

Though off-grid solar components are pricier, the financial upside could be in the lower land costs in remote areas, which often outweigh the solar installation costs.

Cons of Off-Grid Solar Power Systems

The crux of the matter: the indispensable battery bank jacks up the cost for off-grid solar.

Yet, it’s often a shrewder investment compared to the alternatives like running a new utility line or depending on a gas generator.

To keep a leash on costs, considering propane appliances to cut down electricity demand could be smart. Opting for propane-fueled stove, dryer, or heater allows for a smaller inverter and battery bank.

Staggering your electricity usage—say, scheduling laundry and dishwashing at different times—can also help lower peak power demand, easing the energy storage cost burden.

Backup Solar Power Systems: Your Shield Against Blackouts

If grid living is your choice but power outage protection is a priority, backup solar power systems are your best bet.

These systems, while connected to the grid, operate as standard on-grid systems daily. However, they boast a backup battery stash that steps in during power outages.

The moment grid power trips, your inverter seamlessly switches to draw energy from your battery reserve, keeping your appliances humming along.

The rising popularity of backup systems is fueled by grid failure tales from Texas and wildfire-triggered outages in California. They’re also a favored choice in storm-prone regions, offering a blackout buffer during hurricanes or tornadoes.

Additionally, if uninterrupted power is crucial for certain appliances, like a well pump, integrating backup power with your on-grid system ensures these crucial appliances stay powered during blackouts.

Transitioning from On-Grid to Backup Solar?

Absolutely, but foresight for expansion is key. Conventional on-grid inverters like SMA Sunny Boy aren’t crafted for battery connections. However, pairing them with SMA Sunny Island inverters can morph your setup into a hybrid system, albeit at a higher cost.

Therefore, if adding a battery backup later is on your radar, eyeing solutions like the Sol Ark series or the Enphase Ensemble from the get-go is wise. These string and micro-inverter systems are engineered for a smooth transition between on-grid, off-grid, and backup configurations.

With Enphase IQ micro-inverters, you start with on-grid usage and have the flexibility to integrate the Encharge storage system later sans any compatibility hiccups.

Interested in discovering the best solar power system for your home?

Call Impact Energy:

how to choose solar panels

How can you tell if solar panels are good quality?

Dabbling with the idea of going solar often brings a cloud of concerns hovering over, like: a) Panel breakdown; b) Flaming panels followed by explosive goodbyes; c) Quick efficiency drain; or 4) [insert your scare here]. But hey, fear not! The sturdy solar panels boast a lifespan extending over 25 years, showing no sign of slowing down. Key to peaceful solar dreams? Nabbing a top-notch product from the get-go, steering clear from future hiccups. In this piece, we’ll unravel the secrets to picking a high-quality solar panel kit.

The photovoltaic market is bustling with over 350 manufacturers, each flaunting their solar prowess. Yet, not all panels are born equal. A Panasonic or LG panel is likely to outshine a no-name brand that’s hiding in the obscurity of Google’s later pages. Stick with the brands that echo quality and reliability in the solar realm.

Certifications are your solar buddy. Organizations like the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) or Underwriters Laboratories (UL) put these panels under the rigorous test, filtering out the ones that stand tall on safety, performance, and durability benchmarks. A quick tour on the panel manufacturer’s website under ‘About Us’ or ‘Certifications’ page usually unveils these accolades.

Datasheet Dive Pre-Purchase

It’s all in the datasheet – the techy heart of your panel. Here’s where your focus should zoom into.

Unravel Brand’s Tech Magic

Every brand sprinkles its unique tech magic on its panels. Like REC’s half-cut cells design battling shading woes, Panasonic’s HJT technology thriving in warm weathers, or Hanwha Q CELLS’ Q.UANTUM innovation upping the ante in low light scenarios.

Often, the datasheet’s first page is where these tech marvels are showcased. Our solar reviews too paint a vivid picture of what each brand brings to the solar table.

Match-Up Performance at Standard Test Conditions

Datasheets spill the beans on panel performance under standard test conditions (STC), making it a breeze to compare different panels. But remember, your roof isn’t a controlled lab, STC figures might vary in real-world conditions.

Eye on Tolerance and Temperature Coefficient

Tolerance mirrors the consistency in panel’s output; a narrower tolerance is a thumbs up. Positive tolerance is a cherry on top, implying the panel might outdo the datasheet figures under STC.

Temperature coefficient is your peek into how the panel fares when temperatures soar above 25°C (77°F). A lower figure here means the heat won’t slacken the panel’s output much.

Efficiency Evaluation

Efficiency is the ratio of sunlight converted to electricity. A top-tier panel squeezes maximum juice out of minimum sunlight. In 2022, the crème de la crème hovered just below 23% efficiency; 2023 might see this bar being raised.

We’ve delved into the factors influencing efficiency before. Though not the be-all and end-all, its importance surges when space is at a premium.

Durability Dissection

The datasheet also lays out the panel’s resilience against nature’s whims like humidity, salt mist, UV radiation, and mechanical stress. This is especially crucial for homes nestled in extreme weather zones, like Tornado Valley or hurricane-prone Florida.

Mechanical tolerance is measured in pascals (Pa), hinting at the panel’s ability to withstand wind forces. For instance, a 2400 Pa max load withstands a Category 4 hurricane’s 140 mph winds.

Warranty Wonders

Typically, solar panels come with a 10 to 25-year product warranty, and a 25-year output warranty, ensuring the panel’s performance doesn’t plummet below a specified level. Some high-fliers like REC and LG throw in a workmanship warranty when installed by certified pros.

Bifacial panels often flaunt a 30-year performance warranty. Brands like Silfab and Aptos Solar even extend a 30-year output guarantee, sometimes tucked away in a separate PDF on the brand’s website.

Arrival Inspection

Despite their robustness, panels might bear the brunt of rough handling during delivery. A visual check can unveil glaring defects.

Choosing nearby options, within a 1,000-mile radius, minimizes damage risk during transit, especially for small orders. If you’re eyeing less than 10 panels, consider a local pickup.

Microcracks, often invisible to the naked eye, could crop up during manufacturing or shipping. While some are benign, others can dent the panel’s output significantly.

Delamination, the peeling apart of panel layers, is a solar ailment often seen in tropical climes, leading to corrosion and eventually, panel failure. While some resort to quick fixes like sealants, it’s merely a band-aid on a gaping wound.

Post-Installation Performance Peek

Once your solar array is up and basking in the sun, you’d want to gauge its performance, right? Here’s how you can keep tabs:

Multimeter: A handy tool to measure the voltage and current, giving you a snapshot of the panel’s power output. Alternatively, a solar power monitor could be your pick.

Inverter: Modern inverters are nifty data collectors, tracking your array’s daily yield. They often come with mobile apps for on-the-go monitoring.

Monitoring System: A dedicated monitoring system, accessible online or via an app, keeps you in the loop about your installation’s performance.

Spotted a dip in performance? Ring up your installer. If they hit a wall, a chat with the manufacturer should be your next move.


Key Takeaway: 

Solar panel cost often correlates with their efficiency and longevity (durability). Think of it as a balance between cost and quality. Don’t let the initial price tag scare you off, because high-quality panels can save you more in the long run. Remember, going solar isn’t just about saving money – it’s also about making an investment for your future.


Best Solar Companies of 2023


SunPower stands out with its premium energy-efficient solar solutions, boasting a remarkable efficiency rate of 22.8% which eclipses the standard 15%–22% spectrum. It’s among the select entities employing proprietary system components, fostering a cohesive system engineered for superior performance. Additionally, SunPower extends its green energy agenda by offering solar batteries and electric vehicle (EV) chargers.

ADT Solar

Previously recognized as SunPro, ADT Solar presents unparalleled protection through 25-year warranties encompassing labor, panels, and inverters, alongside an energy production assurance. This distinctive offering of a performance guarantee, promising a specified level of panel efficacy, isn’t provided by all companies. Such coverage secures your investment for a minimum of 25 years, extending peace of mind well into the future.


Sunrun presents four distinct financing solutions, among which are specialized leasing alternatives designed for homeowners not interested in owning the system. Both prepaid and leased arrangements come with a 25-year warranty, encompassing a quarter-century of service, maintenance, continuous monitoring, and theft insurance coverage.

Blue Raven

Blue Raven is renowned for its reliability and credibility, bagging numerous accolades for both its dedicated team and esteemed CEO. Customer testimonials frequently highlight the exceptional customer service and swift installation processes. A distinguishing feature of the solar company is its internal financing provision, offering 18 months of complimentary solar energy.

Green Home Systems

Green Home Systems presents an expansive range of reputable rooftop solar panels alongside more subtle solar roofing solutions. It stands out as one of the scant few firms delivering solar shingles and tiles besides the conventional panels. Their portfolio further extends to a variety of battery and backup generator options, ensuring added safeguard during unforeseen exigencies.


In addition to installing solar panels, Elevation conducts comprehensive energy assessments and enhancements for your home, aiming to bolster your energy efficiency and foster enduring savings. It stands as one of the select firms that carry out both evaluations and enhancements utilizing its dedicated in-house team. Furthermore, Elevation offers Curb Energy monitoring gadgets engineered to monitor your household energy consumption, optimize solar panel output, and eradicate energy squandering.


Palmetto boasts an extensive array of customer service channels including phone, email, and live chat, complemented by an online service request platform and a rich repository of troubleshooting guides. Additionally, the company extends structured system protection plans and continuous customer assistance through its app.

Tesla Solar

Tesla, with a nationwide presence, stands as one of the limited solar enterprises offering prospective clients an immediate solar estimate on its website. It boasts a collection of elegantly crafted solar panel kits and shingles, seamlessly integrating with your current roof. Additionally, Tesla is the brain behind the Tesla Powerwall, a highly favored solar battery in the industry.

Freedom Solar Power

As a SunPower Master Dealer, Freedom Solar delivers high-efficiency solar setups to local dwellers. Boasting 16 years in the solar realm, the company has forged alliances with accredited installers. It stands among the rare firms proposing a range of solar solutions including grid-tied, ground-mount, carport, and off-grid configurations.


Why Impact Energy Shines Brighter Than Other Solar Companies

Top-Notch Quality and Expertise

At Impact Energy, we don’t just install solar panels; we elevate your energy experience. Our Residential Solar solutions blend cutting-edge technology with aesthetic finesse, ensuring your home harnesses the sun’s power stylishly and efficiently.

Customized Solar Solutions

We get it. Your energy needs are unique. That’s why our Commercial Solar services are not a one-size-fits-all package. We tailor every system to meet your business’s specific energy demands, guaranteeing optimal performance and maximum savings.

Customized Solar Solutions

Our expertise doesn’t end with solar. Impact Energy’s Roofing services ensure that your transition to solar is seamless. We fortify your roof so it’s solar-ready, combining durability with design.

Power Assurance

With our Solar Backup Batteries, energy independence is a reality. Power outages? No problem. Our batteries kick in without a hiccup, keeping the lights on when you need them most.

Future-Forward Thinking

Electric vehicles are the future, and we’re ready. Our Electric Vehicle Chargers are not just installations; they’re gateways to a greener future, making every charge quick and convenient.

Flexibility in Installation

No roof? No worries. Our Ground-Mounted Solar options mean you can still go solar. We adapt to your space, ensuring you can tap into solar energy regardless of roof constraints.

Local Love

Based in the heart of Colorado, Impact Energy understands local needs. We’re not just a company; we’re your neighbors, committed to empowering our community with clean, renewable energy.

Choosing Impact Energy means opting for a company that goes the extra mile. We’re not just the best because we say so, but because we prove it with every panel we install and every satisfied customer we serve. Ready to make the bright choice? Impact Energy is here to light the way.


Solar Power System for Home FAQs

How much is a solar system for a 2000 sq ft house?

A solar system for a 2000 sq ft home could cost between $15,000 to $25,000 before solar tax credits. Costs depend on your energy usage and location.

Are home solar systems worth it?

Solar power can save you money in the long run by reducing energy bills. Plus, it’s an eco-friendly option that can boost your property value.

Can you run a house completely on solar power?

Yes, with enough panels and battery energy storage capacity, running your entire home on solar energy is feasible.

How much does a 10kW solar system cost?

Prior to applying federal and state incentives, the typical 10kW solar system in the U.S. carries a price tag around $30,000. Prospective homebuyers should anticipate a spending range of $22,000 to upwards of $35,000, contingent on solar equipment choices and installation expenses.



Choosing the right solar power system for your home is an investment that can offer long-term benefits in terms of energy savings, environmental impact, and energy independence. By understanding the various types of solar power systems, ensuring the quality of solar panels, and exploring the best solar companies of 2023, you can make a well-informed choice that aligns with your goals and budget. As the world transitions towards cleaner and more sustainable energy sources, harnessing the power of the sun through solar energy is a smart and responsible decision for homeowners. So, take your time, do your research, and enjoy the countless advantages of your solar power system for years to come.